- pH Level – (pH) Acid/Alkaline Balance (digital)
Our pH level determines whether our biochemistry is too acidic or too alkaline. The number of hydrogen ions present in a given fluid determines the pH value. When the body’s pH levels are not in balance, the body cannot function optimally.
- Oxidative Stress – (ORP) Antioxidant levels
Antioxidant level, or oxidative stress, measures the body’s cells’ ability to absorb or release electrons. The process of donating or accepting electrons is called oxidation and reduction, or redox. Redox potential indicates the amount of electrons available in a fluid that is being tested, and represents over all electron activity or the communication within the body.
- Electrolyte Balance – (mEq) Electrical Conductivity/Communication
Electrical conductivity, also known as resistivity, measures the level of electrically conductive ions in a biological fluid, or in other words, the body’s ability to conduct electrical currents. This is related to, among other things, the levels of minerals in the body, especially sodium, chloride, calcium, magnesium, and potassium. When mineral levels are deficient, enzymatic reactions cannot occur effectively. If mineral concentrations are elevated, the fluids of the body can become stagnant and congested.
- Carbohydrate Metabolism – (Brix) Sugar Digestion
Urine refractometry is more about carbohydrate metabolism or, more to the point, impaired carbohydrate metabolism. Up until now it had been thought that blood sugar problems were only a factor of problematic insulin production or uptake. But another serious function loss is reduced bicarbonate and proteolytic enzyme production. When acidosis are a result of poor carbohydrate metabolism, it is not only due to the incomplete metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids, but also due to the loss of bicarbonate production by the pancreas.
- Protein Metabolism – (Ammonia) Protein Digestion
Nitrate levels in body fluids are determined by the amount of protein you digest and metabolize. The body takes protein from our food and breaks it down to individual amino acids which is used by the body to make connective tissue such as collagen for joints and skin, keratin for hair and nails and elastin for healthy arteries and veins.
- Inflammation (Nitrates) – Nitrate, Ammonium Nitrogen, Nitric Oxide
Inflammation is the body’s first line of defense against injury and infection, but it’s a double-edged sword. An out-of-control or a chronic inflammatory response can destroy healthy tissue and cause more damage than the original problem. Keeping it under control means the immune system must maintain a balance between fanning the flames of inflammation and cooling it down. The inflammatory response has one all-important goal: respond immediately to detect and destroy infection or toxic material in damaged tissue before it can spread to other areas of the body. In its zeal to protect the body, it will destroy as much tissue as necessary to accomplish this goal. Left unchecked, a hyperactive inflammatory response can even react to the traumatic effects of accidents, burns or surgery on the body and start attacking healthy tissue. This is what many scientists call autoimmune. Originally autoimmune was labeled as an immune system in overdrive. Now science has discovered it is a very worn out or weak immune system sporadically over-reacting to the immune system signaling help.
- Alkaline Ions
Alkalinity (total hardness) is a measure of the concentration of the total divalent extra cellular minerals. In the case of saliva, this is mostly calcium since most of the magnesium is contained inside the cells of the body. Calcium is a very important mineral for the body. It is important for strong bones and teeth, muscle contraction, carbohydrate metabolism, and cell division plus many other cellular processes. Too little calcium usually shows up as cramps, osteoporosis, tooth decay, and symptoms of hypoglycemia. Too much or the wrong type of calcium can lead to kidney stones, gall stones, calcium deposits in the joints, bone spurs, and hardening of the arteries.
Calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, chloride, and bicarbonate (a combination of hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen molecules) are responsible for the precise acid‐alkaline balance.
The human digestive system is a complex process that consists of breaking down large organic masses into smaller particles that the body can use as fuel. The breakdown of the nutrients requires the coordination of several enzymes secreted from specialized cells within the mouth, stomach, intestines, and liver. Poor digestion can lead to atrophy of muscle and organs and trigger problems with food allergies. It takes proper digestion to break down not only foods , but also vitamins, herbs and drugs. Many people have digestive problems starting with dry mouth where the digestive system starts the breakdown process.
- Hydration – Fluid Balance/Detoxification
The hydration status of a person refers to their body water balance. Dehydration occurs when people don’t have enough fluid in their bodies. Various tissues of the human body are between 75% and 95% water. This water is used as a way of transporting nutrients and other substances in the body. Water regulates the body’s temperature, cushions and protects vital organs, and aids the digestive system. It is also important for joint function, healthy skin, and removal of waste products.
Transmission of nerve impulses and neurotransmitters is heavily dependent on water. It holds the cell membranes together allowing for greater efficiency of protein and enzyme function, which results in more efficient metabolism specifically sugar metabolism, and an enhanced immune system.
Toxins are poisonous compounds produced by living organisms; sometimes the term “biotoxin” is used to emphasize the biological origin of these compounds. Man‐made chemical compounds with toxic potential are more properly called toxicants. The most common toxins consumed daily come from drugs and foods. Toxins and toxicants can exert their detrimental effects on health in a number of ways. Some, broadly act as mutagens or carcinogens (causing DNA damage or mutations, which can lead to cancer), others can disrupt specific metabolic pathways (which can lead to the dysfunction of particular biological systems such as the nervous system, liver, or kidneys).
- Liver Stress/Toxicity – General Liver Function
The liver has a wide range of functions, including detoxification, protein synthesis, and production of biochemicals necessary for digestion. The Liver is the lab of the human body.
This organ plays a major role in metabolism and has a number of functions in the body, including glycogen storage, decomposition of red blood cells, plasma protein synthesis, hormone production, and detoxification. It lies below the diaphragm in the abdominal-pelvic region of the abdomen. It produces bile, an alkaline compound which aids in digestion via the emulsification of lipids. The liver’s highly specialized tissues regulate a wide variety of high-volume biochemical reactions, including the synthesis and breakdown of small and complex molecules, many of which are necessary for normal vital functions.
- Kidney Stress/Toxicity – General Kidney Function
The kidneys, organs with several functions, serve essential regulatory roles in most animals, including vertebrates and some invertebrates. They are essential in the urinary system and also serve homeostatic functions such as the regulation of electrolytes, maintenance of acid–base balance, and regulation of blood pressure (via maintaining salt and water balance). They serve the body as a natural filter of the blood, and remove wastes which are diverted to the urinary bladder. In producing urine, the kidneys excrete wastes such as urea and ammonium, and they are also responsible for the reabsorption of water, glucose, and amino acids. The kidneys also produce hormones including calcitriol, erythropoietin, and the enzyme renin.
- Adrenal Stress – General Adrenal Function
The adrenal glands (also known as suprarenal glands) are endocrine glands that sit atop the kidneys; the right suprarenal gland is triangular shaped, while the left suprarenal gland is semilunar shaped. They are chiefly responsible for releasing hormones in response to stress through the synthesis of corticosteroids such as cortisol and catecholamines such as epinephrine. The adrenal glands affect kidney function through the secretion of aldosterone, a hormone involved in regulating the osmolarity of blood plasma.
Caffeine, steroids, chronic disease, stress, pain and inflammation have been shown to weaken the adrenals.
- Anabolic/Catabolic – Build-up and Breakdown
In simple terms, the anabolic/catabolic ratio is the rate at which we build body tissue versus the rate at which we break it down. When we are anabolic we are building lean muscle mass, which is fine for teenagers and young adults. But for mature adults, we want to reach our ideal weight and stay there. So that would mean that the rate of building tissue would be the same as the rate of breaking down old tissue. When catabolic rate is too high we are aging at a higher rate than normal. When we are too anabolic we are increasing our weight. The ideal would be to stay in balance between anabolic and catabolic as much as possible.